|Hukou for mixed kids|
One of the most important decisions that parents of mixed children need to make is whether or not to get a hukou for their child. Basically you have two options, with a third (illegal) one also very common. First of all, you can apply for the nationality of the foreign parent and try to renounce the Chinese nationality. Secondly it's possible to give the child only the Chinese nationality and thus get a hukou. Finally it's possible, but illegal, to get both nationalities. Illegal under Chinese law, but legal under Dutch law. So what to do? Let's explore the advantages and disadvantages:
What is a Hukou anyway?
A Hukou is like a Chinese ID card. There are two forms: an agricultural and a city hukou. When you live in a big city (as most expats will do), you do not want an agricultural Hukou for your kid. It's like a 2nd class Chinese citizen. Your kid's hukou is determined by the Chinese parent's (usually mother) Hukou. So if your wife has a good city-Hukou (for example Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing), then the child can get that 'good' Hukou which will ensure good health-care and education opportunities. Read more on Wikipedia about the Hukou system . The Hukou system might change in the future and it's already relaxed in some big cities, but it's still important to consider what kind of Hukou your kid can get, if you determine the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.
Advantages of getting a Hukou
Disadvantages of getting a Hukou
Advantages of getting a foreign Nationality
Disadvantages of getting a foreign Nationality
I know mixed couples that gave their child only a Hukou, only a foreign nationality or did both. So it's impossible to say what is right or wrong for you. If you and your partner have decided you want to live the rest of your life in China, then it makes more sense to get a Hukou. If you decide that the Chinese education system is not something you want to put your kids through, you might want to return when the child is for example 2 to 5 years old. In that case a foreign passport makes more sense. If you haven't decided yet, you might first go for a Hukou, but pay attention to your national legislation to determine if the child still can obtain the foreign nationality later in life (for example before 18 years old).
If you decide to do the illegal thing (Hukou + Passport), you will need to keep the foreign passport hidden from the Chinese authorities at any time. One often heard trick is to leave China (via Hong Kong) on the Chinese passport and then enter the motherland on the foreign passport. I'm not sure how this exactly works out with stamps and visas though.
Health insurance newborn baby China
Financial benefits one child
One-child policy for mixed couples
If you have more advantages/disadvantages, please let me know via the comments. I will add them to the list!
|Last Updated ( Sunday, 30 January 2011 )|
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